CBSE School Curriculum -The underlying Values and Rationale
(Extract from CBSE Curriculum 2015-16)
"Education, as a planned endeavour, at a personal level on a small scale or institutional level on a large scale, aims at making children capable of becoming active, responsible, productive, and caring members of society. They are made familiar with the various practices of the community by imparting the relevant skills and ideas. Ideally, education is supposed to encourage the students to analyse and evaluate their experiences, to doubt, to question, to investigate-in other words, to be inquisitive and to think independently."
-NCF 2005 (Position Paper - Aims of Education)
The core values of CBSE School Curriculum draw its strength, by keeping pace with the 21st century and the global trends of educational transformations, as well as keeping in view that India is an independent nation with a rich variegated history, extraordinarily complex cultural diversity, and commitment to democratic values and general well-being. One of the basic aims of education is to nurture in the learner a sound mind and strong values driven character. Learners should be educated to uphold the democratic values, respect the Rules of Law, and support humanitarian ideals; they should engage in healthy practices to be able to develop robust and healthy physiques, learn how to think for themselves and be creative. We aim at nurturing responsible citizens with a sense of patriotism and a global perspective. In principle, education is a learning progression to help learners explore their innate capacity and talents as well as develop their potential to improve and enhance sustainability of their living environment.
Keeping this in mind we need to have a rationale with core components as follows:
"Nurturing Life-skills" includes developing an improved self-esteem, building empathy towards others and different cultures, etc. Improving on their critical and creative thinking and making them better at problem solving with a balanced approach towards decision-making. The core life-skills must be integral to the whole process of education.
"Integration" includes creating harmony of sense with sensibility, a connection between knowledge and application, and integrating human sciences with technological innovations.
"Upholding Constitutional values" safeguarding values expressed in the Constitution- sovereignty, socialism, secularism, democracy, republican character, justice, liberty, equality, fraternity, human dignity and the unity and integrity of the Nation.
"A global perspective" keeping pace with the 21st century and the global trends, enhance learner's ability to understand her status and position in the community and the world. Develop understanding how we all are interconnected and how we can bring about transformations as well as the individual's responsibility in this change process.
"Lifelong learning" to see education as a liberating process, leading to active exploration, problem solving, and the utilization of information and languages leading to socially transformative practices.
"Appreciating Individual Differences" to promote and nourish wide range of capacities and skills in learners. As intelligence is diverse in its dimension, pedagogy and evaluation should aim at making it possible for this diversity to bloom. Excellence in diverse areas should be accepted and rewarded.
CBSE School Curriculum Mission and Goals
The curriculum will adopt the following principles:
To facilitite learners' spiritual, ethical, social, cognitive, mental, and physical growth and development;
To enhance learner's innate potentials;
To foster constitutional values and tolerance for different cultures;
To develop scientific outlook and transformative competences to meet the demands of the changing society.
The aim of education is not just to let learners obtain basic knowledge but to make them life-long learners. It is to nurture future citizens who are mentally and physically robust, assertive, confident, empathetic and helpful to the community, intellectually inquisitive and reflective, tolerant and with creative vision and global perspective. Schools will accomplish such standards through the promotion of values based learning activities which emphasize humanity, practicality, individuality, inclusiveness, and modernity. Such activities involve collaborations between oneself and others, individuals and the community, as well as humans and nature. To achieve this, we must guide our learners to achieve the following curriculum goals:
To enhance self-awareness and explore innate potential;
To develop creativity and the ability to appreciate art and showcase one's own talents;
To promote capabilities related to goal setting, decision making and lifelong learning;
To nurture assertive communication and interpersonal skills;
To learn to be empathetic towards others, display dignity and respect to the opposite gender, to contribute for the community, and focus on preserving environment;
To foster cultural learning and international understanding in an interdependent society;
To strengthen knowledge and attitude related to livelihood skills;
To acquire the ability to utilize technology and information for the betterment of humankind;
To inspire the attitude of functional and participatory learning; and
To develop abilities related to thinking skills and problem solving.
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